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oral and dental diseases

Different Types of Oral and Dental Diseases

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Since we use our teeth and mouths for so many activities, it’s not unexpected that many things may go wrong with them, mainly if they aren’t properly maintained. The majority of oral and dental diseases may be avoided by practising oral care. You will almost certainly have a dental condition at some point in your life.

Gum Disease

The inflammation of the gums, often known as gingivitis, is gum disease. Plaque buildup on your teeth is mainly the result of inadequate brushing and flossing routines. Your gums may swell and bleed when you clean or floss your teeth. A more severe illness, periodontitis, can develop if gingivitis is not treated.

oral and dental diseases
Gum disease

Different Types of Oral and Dental Diseases – Cavities

Cavities (tooth decay) are portions of the teeth that have been permanently damaged and may even contain holes. They are a typical occurrence in the human body. Food, bacteria, and acid cover your teeth and build plaque, which causes them to decay. Acid on your teeth eats away at the enamel, then the dentin (connective tissue) beneath it – this can cause irreversible harm over time.

oral and dental diseases
Cavities

Teeth that are sensitive

If you have sensitive teeth, you may experience discomfort or pain after eating or drinking cold or hot foods or drinks. If you have sensitive teeth, you may experience discomfort or pain after eating or drinking cold or hot foods or beverages. “Dentin hypersensitivity” is another term for tooth sensitivity. It can happen after a root canal or a filling, but only for a short period. It might also be caused by a fractured tooth, worn-down fillings or crowns, gum disease and receding gums. 

Since their enamel is thinner, some people are born with sensitive teeth. Natural tooth sensitivity is usually managed with a change in your everyday dental hygiene routine. There are toothpaste and mouthwash products for individuals with sensitive teeth that are specifically designed for them.

oral and dental diseases
Teeth that are sensitive

Teeth that are cracked or fractured

An injury to the mouth, eating hard foods, or grinding the teeth at sleep can cause a tooth to crack or shatter. Since having a fractured tooth is excruciatingly painful, you should see your dentist immediately if this happens to you.

oral and dental diseases
Teeth that are cracked or fractured

Different Types of Oral and Dental Diseases – Oral Cancer

Oral cancers include cancers of the gums, tongue, lips, cheeks, mouth floor, and hard and soft palate. The first person to notice mouth cancer is generally a dentist. The most significant risk factor for oral cancer is tobacco use, such as smoking and chewing tobacco.

oral and dental diseases
Oral cancer

Different Types of Oral and Dental Diseases – Periodontitis

The infection in your gums can spread to your jaw and bones as periodontitis worsens. It can also trigger a bodily inflammatory reaction.

oral and dental diseases
Periodontitis

The connection between dental and overall health

Studies have discovered a link between poor dental health and underlying systemic illnesses, which has heightened the importance of oral health in recent years. It has been proven that a healthy mouth can help you keep a healthy body. Infectious endocarditis is caused by bacteria spreading from your mouth to your circulation. Infective endocarditis is an infection of the heart valves that can be fatal. Before performing any dental surgery that might expel microorganisms in your mouth, your dentist may advise you to take antibiotics as a prophylactic step.

The connection between dental and overall health
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